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Escaping Smarty parsing

It is sometimes desirable or even necessary to have Smarty ignore sections it would otherwise parse. A classic example is embedding Javascript or CSS code in a template. The problem arises as those languages use the { and } characters which are also the default delimiters for Smarty.


A good practice for avoiding escapement altogether is by separating your Javascript/CSS into their own files and use standard HTML methods to access them. This will also take advantage of browser script caching. When you need to embed Smarty variables/functions into your Javascript/CSS, then the following applies.

In Smarty templates, the { and } braces will be ignored so long as they are surrounded by white space. This behavior can be disabled by setting the Smarty class variable $auto_literal to false.


   // the following braces are ignored by Smarty
   // since they are surrounded by whitespace
   function foobar {
   // this one will need literal escapement
    function bazzy {alert('foobar!');}

{literal}..{/literal} blocks are used for escaping blocks of template logic. You can also escape the braces individually with {ldelim}, {rdelim} tags or {$smarty.ldelim},{$smarty.rdelim} variables.

Smarty's default delimiters { and } cleanly represent presentational content. However, if another set of delimiters suit your needs better, you can change them with Smarty's $left_delimiter and $right_delimiter values.


Changing delimiters affects ALL template syntax and escapement. Be sure to clear out cache and compiled files if you decide to change them.


$smarty->left_delimiter = '<!--{';
$smarty->right_delimiter = '}-->';

$smarty->assign('foo', 'bar');
$smarty->assign('name', 'Albert');

Where the template is:

Welcome <!--{$name}--> to Smarty
<script language="javascript">
  var foo = <!--{$foo}-->;
  function dosomething() {
    alert("foo is " + foo);